Gum/ Periodontal Disease

 

Periodontitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end -- if not properly treated -- with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What Causes Gum disease?

Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. However, other factors can contribute to periodontal disease. These include:

  • Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation, make gums more sensitive, which makes it easier for gingivitis to develop.

  • Illnesses may affect the condition of your gums such as cancer and diabetes. 

  • Medications can affect oral health, because some lessen the flow ofsaliva, which has a protective effect on teeth and gums. Some drugs, such as the anticonvulsant medication Dilantin and the anti-anginadrug Procardia and Adalat, can cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.

  • Smoking.

  • Poor oral hygiene 

  • Family history

 

What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease

 

  • Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing

  • Red, swollen, or tender gums

  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth

  • Receding gums

  • Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums

  • Loose or shifting teeth

gum disease deep cleaning teeth cleaing